The aim of education in the Philippines focuses on functional literacy. The country also aims to strengthen manpower for national development. Provide a broad general education that will assist each individual in society to attain his/her potential as a human being, and enhance the range and quality of the individual and the group; Help the individual participate in the basic functions of society and acquire the essential educational foundation for his/her development into a productive and versatile citizen; Train the nation’s manpower in the middle-level skills required for national development; Develop the high level professions that will provide leadership for the nation, advance knowledge through research, and apply new knowledge for improving the quality of human life; Respond effectively to changing needs and conditions through a system of educational planning and evaluation. Functional literacy would mean extracting and processing complex meanings from text and other printed forms of language. However, this focus can be interpreted as superficial because of its limit to decoding and limit on cognitive processes involved The curriculum involved in English, Mathematics, and Science involves skills beyond functional literacy. Examples of higher skills would involve “discussing and reacting to the literary techniques and styles adapted by an author to achieve his purpose” in English, “solving word problems using linear equations and inequalities in one variable” in mathematics. The education institution – the school - is a social educational institution which plays a significant role side by side with other aspects. The primary function of the school is raising the children by transferring the cultural heritage from previous generations. Additionally, within the school environment children learn the basic studies such as: knowledge of religion, history, literature, science, and linguistic. Those studies will made clear by teaching specific curriculums for each level and gradually, starting from primary education to higher education. Following this further, the school seeks during each stage of education to enhance pupils’ values of cultural identity and principles of Human Rights. Undoubtedly, the significant objective of any educational institution is to qualify a person for public life and to be an effective member of society.