Types of Conjunctivitis

Discussion in 'Books' started by AlisaSophia, Apr 15, 2019.

  1. AlisaSophia

    AlisaSophia Member

    The objective of Corneal Transplantation or Keratoplasty, is iGenics Review the replacement of a damaged or diseased cornea, and unfortunately because of the highly complex tissue that the cornea is made up of, the only way to receive a replacement cornea, is by donation. The gift of a Cornea by a recently deceased individual is one of the greatest gifts imaginable. Indications of the necessity for a corneal transplant include improving vision, improving the eyes anatomy, improving cosmetic appearances, and eliminating corneal scarring. Pre-operative evaluations are determined, and lab testing is performed to determine the best scenario for the procedure.

    There are no guarantees for the transplant, and the risks are generally numerous. The chances for transplant failure are moderate and can happen at any time, even years afterward. Generally, if everything goes well, normal vision can be achieved. The advances in medicine and technology and the establishments of eye banks have been instrumental in the success of corneal transplantation.

    Dry eye syndrome is a relatively common condition that is caused by irritation or an infection to the tear duct or tear film. It affects approximately 3.2 million Americans across the country. The result of this irritation or infection can cause a decrease in the production of tears, the immediate evaporation of tears, or even a serious defect in the production of mucus or lipids that are usually found in tear layers.

    Many people who develop these symptoms experience extreme redness, irritation, excessive watering of the eyes, dry itchy eyes, and sometimes pain. These symptoms can and often do get in the way of the daily enjoyment of life. It is important that you seek immediate relief for your dry eye condition. Most people try to use over-the-counter drops that claim to "get the red out" because they are only concerned about the redness in their eyes. But you should be paying attention to any and all irritating symptoms involving your eyes. Your eyesight is not something to be taken lightly. Any abnormal signs could lead to vision problems, perhaps even vision loss. You should take protective measures right away.

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  2. lisapowell

    lisapowell New Member

    oh nice thanks
  3. Todo123

    Todo123 Member

    Conjunctivitis: Bacterial, Viral, Allergic And Other Types
    By Marilyn Haddrill; contributions and review by Charles Slonim, MD

    Types Of Conjunctivitis

    Bacterial conjunctivitis is a common type of pink eye, caused by bacteria that infect the eye through various sources of contamination. The bacteria can be spread through contact with an infected individual, exposure to contaminated surfaces or through other means such as sinus or ear infections.

    The most common types of bacteria that cause bacterial conjunctivitis include Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Bacterial conjunctivitis usually produces a thick eye discharge or pus and can affect one or both eyes.

    Allergic conjunctivitis can result when your eyes encounter a substance to which they are overly sensitive, such as pollen in the air.

    As with any bacterial infection, antibiotics are required to eliminate the bacteria. Treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis is typically accomplished with topical antibiotic eye drops and/or eye ointments. The treatment usually takes from one to two weeks, depending on the severity of the infection.

    1. Viral conjunctivitis is another common type of pink eye that is highly contagious, because airborne viruses can be spread through sneezing and coughing. Viral conjunctivitis also can accompany common viral upper respiratory infections such as measles, the flu or the common cold.

    Viral conjunctivitis usually produces a watery discharge. Typically the infection starts in one eye and quickly spreads to the other eye.

    Unlike with bacterial infections, antibiotics will not work against viruses. No eye drops or ointments are effective against the common viruses that cause viral conjunctivitis. But viral conjunctivitis is self-limited, which means it will go away by itself after a short time.

    Typically with viral conjunctivitis, the third through the fifth days are the worst. After that, eyes begin to improve on their own.

    Treatment of viral conjunctivitis usually involves supportive therapies, such as eye drops, that help reduce the symptoms: for example, vasoconstrictors to whiten the eye, decongestants to reduce the surface swelling and antihistamines to reduce occasional itching. Treatments usually are continued for one to two weeks, depending on the severity of the infection.

    2. Gonococcal and chlamydial conjunctivitis are bacterial forms related to infections from sexually transmitted diseases including gonorrhea and chlamydia. Newborn babies may be exposed when they pass through the birth canal of an infected mother. Trachoma is a form of chlamydial infection that causes scarring on the eye's surface. Trachoma is the world's leading cause of preventable blindness.

    Neonatal conjunctivitis found in newborn babies can cause blindness when left untreated. Up to 10 percent of all pregnant women in the United States have a sexually transmitted chlamydial infection. If these infections are untreated in mothers, the possibility that a newborn infant will develop a related eye infection ranges from 10 percent to 20 percent.*

    Another type of sexually transmitted disease related to the herpes simplex virus type 2 found in the genital area can infect eyes of infants as they are born. Herpes simplex virus type 1, a cause of cold sores on the mouth, also can cause a type of eye her pes that results in pink eye.

    If you are pregnant and suspect you may have a sexually transmitted disease, you need to be checked and possibly treated for any infection before the birth of your baby.

    In the United States, an antibiotic ointment often is applied as a basic standard of care for newborn infants, to help prevent the possibility of certain eye infections.

    3. Allergic conjunctivitis caused by eye allergies is very common. Eye allergies, like other types, can be triggered by allergens including pollen, animal dander and dust mites.

    The most common symptom of allergic conjunctivitis is itchy eyes, which may be relieved with special eye drops containing antihistamines to control allergic reactions. These eye drops are available both over the counter and by prescription.

    Avoiding the allergen is also important in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis. Allergic conjunctivitis can be seasonal or perennial (year-round), depending on the allergen causing the reaction.

    4. Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) usually involves both eyes and often affects soft contact lens wearers. This condition may cause contact lens intolerance, itching, a heavy discharge, tearing and red bumps on the underside of the eyelids.

    You'll need to stop wearing your contact lenses, at least for a little while. Your eye doctor may also recommend that you switch to a different type of contact lens, to reduce the chance of the conjunctivitis coming back.

    For example, you might need to switch from soft contacts
    to gas permeable ones or vice versa. Or you might need to try a type of lens that you replace more frequently, such as disposable contact lenses. GPC can also result from artificial eyes (prosthetics), stitches and more. Your eye doctor will decide if removal is appropriate.

    5. Non-infectious conjunctivitis from eye irritation causing pink eye symptoms that can result from many sources, including smoke, diesel exhaust, perfumes and certain chemicals. Some forms of conjunctivitis also result from sensitivity to certain ingested substances, including herbs such as eyebright and turmeric.**

    Certain forms of pink eye, including giant papillary conjunctivitis, can be caused by the eye's immune responses, such as a reaction to wearing contact lenses or ocular prosthetics (artificial eyes). A reaction to preservatives in eye drops or ointments also can cause toxic conjunctivitis.

  4. userhichou1

    userhichou1 Member

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