Writing Research Paper

Discussion in 'Freelance Writing Challenges' started by josephvien, Apr 28, 2019.

  1. josephvien

    josephvien New Member

    Writing a research paper is not an easy thing to do. It requires substantial amount of hardships and efforts in order to complete it. A research paper is like a longer version of essay with numerous sources to support your argument. The main purpose of a research paper is to give your ideas and opinions about the topic and to use other source to support your opinion. A research paper must be in a systematic order starting from the introduction and end to the conclusion. In writing a research paper, there are many rules and steps to follow. One particular example is paraphrasing in which we must change some words but maintain the meaning of the thought. Thanks to my Reading and Writing subject, I learned many tips in writing a reach paper such as coherence, citing sources, and paraphrasing.

    Coherence is important in writing a research. Basically, all ideas must in a paragraph flow smoothly from one sentence to the next sentence. An essay without coherence can inhibit reader’s ability to understand the ideas and main points of the essay. Coherence allows the reader to move easily throughout the essay from one idea to the next. The use of transitional words such as however, in addition, furthermore, are used to establish relationships between ideas, sentences, and paragraph. Use of transitional words can help the ideas to be in coherent with each other. Transitional words serves as signals to let the reader know the previous idea, sentence, or paragraph is connected to what follows next. Another lesson that I learned is all about citation. A citation is a reference within a text to another document. The purpose of citation is to provide support or evidence for what you are trying to say. Citing helps the reader differentiate between your own work and that of your sources. Using the works of other experts, scientist, and researcher can boost the credibility of your paper. Citation also helps us to be a better researcher, better writer, enhances our scientific knowledge, and enables better verification of our work. The third thing that I learned in this subject is about paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is re-writing another writer’s words or ideas in your own words without altering the meaning. The paraphrase text is the same length of the original text since the purpose is to rephrase, not to shorten. We do paraphrasing when we use another writer’s words, without plagiarizing, without the use of quotes, and the words of the other writer are too difficult for the readers.

    This subject taught me many lessons, tips, advices that I can apply in real life especially in doing a research paper. These three things that I mentioned above help me the most in writing a scientific paper. Coherence is really vital in research especially in writing the review of related literature since we must include all things that are related in our study. The use of transitional words helped me transitioning from one concept to another. It helped my ideas became smoothly organized. The concept about citation also helped since we must include it in our related literature in order to verify all points that we are trying to defend. It also helped my paper to be credible and avoiding plagiarizing other people’s work. It also gives an acknowledgement for the author’s work and effort. Paraphrasing is also vital in making a scientific paper since we are not allowed to copy the some texts and paragraph or else, we will be accused of plagiarism. It is okay to use other’s ideas to your studies as long as it is re written into another words, and sentences. For me, paraphrasing is the most tiring part in making related literature since we must alter the words but maintain the same meaning. It requires broad knowledge on a particular subject and wide fields of vocabulary.

    Coherence, Citation, and Paraphrasing are the three things that I learned the most in Reading and Writing subject. They are really helpful to me since we are tasked to do a research paper as part of our requirements in Research in Daily Life subject. Some lessons in another subject can be applied or helpful to another subject. Reading and Writing helps us to be good researcher and a writer.
     
  2. jamerriley

    jamerriley New Member

    Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others. In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.
    In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". The author wanted to test this claim. Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders? Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions?
    The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so. The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order.

    Participants
    There were 30 male participants. They were recruited by advertisement in a newspaper and were paid $4.50.
    Instruments
    A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room. The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in 15-volt increments all the way up to 450 volts. The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were.
    Procedures
    The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. The other "participant" was an actor. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor ("learner") every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner.
    The learner would pretend to be shocked. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition. Once the 300-volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released. Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
    When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue.
     
  3. Warren1967

    Warren1967 Well-Known Member

    Make sure you write using good sources and put them in your footnotes and bibliography.
     

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